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Lesson 1: Volcanoes

What is a Volcano?

A volcano is a landform (usually a mountain) where molten rock erupts through the surface of the planet.

In simple terms a volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a pool of molten rock (magma) below the surface of the earth. It is a hole in the Earth from which molten rock and gas erupt.

Watch the video below to learn more about Volcanoes. 



Your Task

Choose ONE  of the following tasks to complete. You may wish to complete more than one.

1.     With a parent or carer, create your own mini erupting volcano using baking soda and vinegar. Wow! Use the link to help you. (

Send a picture via Skype to show how you made it. Warning!! It may get a little smelly :) 

2.    Design a poster to show a volcanoes' main features. Make sure you label its important parts. 

3.    Research a volcanic eruption of your choice. Produce a fact file about the eruption including: 

  • A. a sketch map to show its location
  • B. A description of the eruption
  • C. An explanation of why it erupted
  • D. Detail about the eruptions impact (both short and long-term). 

4.    Find out why people still live close to volcanoes despite the risks. Think about soil, new land, building materials, mineral deposits, hot springs and spas, electricity and tourism. Be ready to share your ideas in class. 

Useful links: